Normal life activity of the humanthe body is possible provided that the supply of vitamins, minerals and other nutrients is replenished. Their insufficiency leads to disruption of the organs and metabolism. A special role is given to vitamins. The deficiency of these components has a very marked effect on the state of health. In order not to meet this problem, it is necessary to eat nutritionally and for the prevention of vitamin complexes.
Vitamin D3 takes part in many processes in the body. It affects the immune, bone, nervous systems, the growth of cells and the state of endocrine glands.
The component is primarily responsible for assimilatingminerals of magnesium and calcium, which are necessary for the formation of dental and bone tissue. Vitamin D3 takes an active part in the metabolism of phosphorus and calcium, resulting in increased dental and bone tissue due to increased inflow of minerals. It affects the processes of cell renewal and growth, protects the body from the development of cancers. Sufficient concentration of the component contributes to the strengthening of immunity, normalizes the level of glucose in the blood, positively affects the cardiovascular system.
The daily norm of vitamin for children isabout 500 IU, for adults - 600 IU. Women during pregnancy and lactation are recommended to take up to 1500 IU. An additional dose is also needed for older people.
Vitamin D deficiency in the body, cause of developmentwhich may be factors such as a lack of sunlight and insufficient insolation of premises, a rather rasprostanennoe phenomenon. More often it occurs in people who live in the northern latitudes, where a lack of sunlight and long winters prevent the development of the component by the skin. Malnutrition, inadequate consumption of dairy products and fish can also lead to a deficit.
The body is able to use vitamin D3 onlyin an active form, for which the kidneys are responsible. Accordingly, people with kidney failure or other problems with these organs are also at risk of developing vitamin D deficiency. Diseases such as cystic fibrosis, celiac disease, Crohn's disease, disrupt the absorption of the component from food.
The development of vitamin D deficiency is facilitated bythe following factors: a vegetarian diet, use of antacids, kidney and liver diseases, dark skin, lactation and pregnancy, age over 50 years.
Depending on the degree of deficiency andsensitivity of the person, the symptomatology of shortage can differ. In the initial stages, it may not manifest itself at all, and then sharply turn into rickets. Deficiency symptoms include: weight loss, weakness, stoop, bone deformity, spinal deformity, stunted growth in children, muscle cramps, deformity of teeth, delay in the formation of teeth, joint pain.
Insufficient vitamin in the body canCure if in time to pay attention to the presence of the problem. To do this, you need to monitor your health and the health of your children, make the right menu, walk in the fresh air and avoid bad habits.
If you do not take measures to neutralize the deficitvitamin D, this can lead to the development of very serious diseases that are difficult to treat, and in some cases can remain for life. The most common complications are rickets (especially in childhood), osteoporosis (brittle bones), osteomalacia, fractures and deformity of bones. In early childhood, when the bone tissue of the child is just being formed, a lack of vitamin can affect the quality of bones in the future.
Against the backdrop of a deficit can gradually developfollowing diseases: multiple sclerosis, hypertension, constant headache, depressive state, chronic pain and fatigue, diseases of the cardiovascular system, oncological diseases, asthma, arthritis.
To prevent the development of a deficit,adhering to simple rules. The first is a sufficient stay in the sun and fresh air. Sunlight positively affects the general condition of a person and stimulates the production of vitamin D skin. The daily diet should include products that contain this component. They can replace drugs and provide the body with the necessary substances.
Complex supplements or vitamins in preparations should be taken only after a thorough examination by a doctor. A specialist can prescribe them for diseases that can contribute to the development of a deficit.
Lack of vitamin in the bloodserious complications, therefore it is necessary to take measures at the first signs. Treatment should be comprehensive and consist of several steps. First, it is necessary to discover the cause that caused the deficit, and to eliminate it. It is worth revising your lifestyle and daily diet, make some adjustments. In particular, you need to eat more fat fish, dairy products, drink vitaminized milk.
After the examination in the clinic, the doctor can appointpreparations containing vitamin D. The choice of medicines is very large, vitamin D3 (solution) is very popular. Another preparation is known under the name "Akvadetrim". Before using any product, please read the instructions. Of great importance is vitamin D3 for infants. The drug "Akvadetrim" is good because it is suitable for use from four weeks of life.
To maintain the component's normal level,blood should be included in their daily diet products containing it in sufficient quantities. If it is not possible, then drugs will come to the aid, which are intended to provide the body with vitamin D3.
The most common drugs are"Viganol", "Minisan", "Akvadetrim". Special attention should be paid to the last, aqueous solution of vitamin D3. The peculiarity of the drug is that it is approved for use by pregnant women and newborn babies. The drug prevents the development of rickets, osteoporosis and other similar diseases, is used in the treatment of beriberi. The drug can be bought at any pharmacy at an affordable price, it is available without a prescription, but before using, especially during pregnancy, it is advisable to consult a doctor and carefully read the instructions.
The drug "Akvadetrim", or water vitamin D3,thanks to the active substance - colcalciferol, affects the normalization of the metabolism of phosphates and calcium, resulting in the correct formation of the bone skeleton and the preservation of the structure of bone tissue. The active component of the drug takes part in the reabsorption of phosphates, the functioning of parathyroid glands, affects the synthesis of adenosine triphosphate.
The solution helps normalize the contentcalcium ions, affects blood clotting and nerve impulses, prevents the development of hypovitaminosis and calcium deficiency, resulting in diseases such as osteoporosis and rickets.
Aqueous solution of "Aquadetrim", in comparison withoil, has a large bioavailability and is better adsorbed, it does not require the presence of bile for absorption into the blood, which is especially important for premature infants who have an immature digestive system.
The use of vitamin D3 is recommended in the firstturn in beriberi and hypovitaminosis. Assign a drug for the treatment and prevention of ricket-like diseases, hypocalcemia, tetany (caused by hypocalcemia). A sufficient amount of the component is necessary for infants and children who grow and develop, their bones are formed and require its availability for normal assimilation of calcium.
In the period of menopause and postmenopause in connection withhormonal changes in women can develop osteoporosis, for the treatment of which you also need to take vitamin D3. Instructions for use describe all cases in which you can use the product "Aquadetrine". The drug is prescribed for loss of calcium in the teeth and bones, with osteomalacia of various etiologies, with osteopathy caused by metabolic disorders. It also has a good effect on the recovery and maturation of bone tissue after fractures.
Before giving vitamin D3 to children or taking it yourself, it is advisable to consult a doctor, because he has a list of contraindications to use and side effects.
Do not take the drug with an individualsensitivity to colcalciferol, and also with intolerance to benzyl alcohol. With an elevated level of calcium in the blood (hypercalcemia) or urine (hypercalciuria), you should also refuse to take vitamin D3. The instruction prohibits the use of the drug for hypervitaminosis, kidney failure, active form of tuberculosis, urolithiasis. With prolonged immobilization, large doses of the drug are contraindicated.
During pregnancy and breastfeedingthe agent is prescribed taking into account the state of the mother and fetus (child). In this case, extreme caution is necessary, because with an overdose the baby can have developmental disabilities. With caution also need to prescribe vitamin D3 for newborns, and especially for premature babies.
At patients at application of vitamin D3 canthere are some side effects. If the drug is used in the recommended doses, then the possibility of their occurrence is close to zero. Side effects may occur if the dose is exceeded or when individual hypersensitivity occurs to the components of the remedy.
Determine the reaction of the body to the actionthe drug can be on the following symptoms: irritability, sudden changes in mood, stupor, depression, mental disorders, headache. From the gastrointestinal tract can disturb dryness in the mouth, thirst, vomiting, nausea, stool disorders, rapid loss of body weight, right up to anorexia. The cardiovascular system can respond with increased blood pressure, increased heart rate, cardiac dysfunction. In addition, there may be side effects such as nephropathy, myalgia, general muscle weakness, polyuria, soft tissue calcification.
If the drug is used for treatmenta disease, then appoint it only a doctor, referring to the results of blood and urine tests. When using the drug for preventive purposes, it is necessary to remember the possibility of an overdose, especially for children of childhood. With prolonged use of vitamin D3 in elevated doses, it is possible to develop chronic hypervitaminosis.
When giving the drug to a newborn,attention to their individual sensitivity to its components. If for a long time to take vitamin D3, for children this threatens the possibility of growth retardation. In elderly patients, the daily requirement for a component increases, but vitamin D preparations can be contraindicated due to the presence of various diseases. In this case, you need to fill the body's need by eating foods with a high content of the substance.
Fill the shortage of vitamins withonly medicines, but also food. In sufficient quantity, vitamin D3 is found in mackerel, mackerel, herring, tuna, fish oil, fish liver, seafood, eggs, butter, cheese, cottage cheese, fermented milk products.
In products of vegetable origin of vitaminlittle, which should pay attention to vegetarians. These products include potatoes, nettle, horsetail, parsley, oatmeal. It is synthesized under the influence of sunlight, so it is worth spending more time outdoors, if possible, to take sunbathing.