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Chlamydia: symptoms, diagnosis, treatment

Today, urogenital chlamydia is one ofcommon STDs. However, these bacteria can affect not only the genitourinary system. Chlamydia can be causative agents of conjunctivitis, proctitis, pneumonia, pharyngitis, arthrosis and many other diseases.

There are several types of these bacteria that can parasitize the human body. For example, Chlamydia psittaci cause ornithosis, infection occurs from animals and birds.

Chlamydia pneumoniae is the cause of pharyngitis,pneumonia, acute respiratory infections, tonsillitis and other respiratory diseases. The most unpleasant species is Chlamydia trachomatis. There are 15 types. These bacteria can cause trachoma, venereal lymphogranulomatosis, urogenital chlamydia, affect the sexual system of women and men, causing severe complications.

If the body has chlamydia, the symptoms dependfrom what body they struck. And the peculiarity of this disease is that it can not function for a long time. Also, the symptoms can be so insignificant that a person simply does not attach importance to them.

Chlamydia can affect various organs, howevermost of all they "love" the cylindrical epithelium of the genital tract. In this case, they cause urethritis, cervicitis, prostatitis, epididymitis, salpingitis and other diseases.

If the genito-urinary tract is affected by chlamydia, the symptoms can be as follows:

  • discharge (mucopurulent);
  • itching, burning in the genito-urinary organs;
  • when urinating, it becomes frequent;
  • pain in the perineum and scrotum;
  • swelling of the testicles;
  • obstruction of fallopian tubes and possible infertility;
  • pain in the abdomen, intensifying before menstruation.

If these are present, then to the doctorit is necessary to go urgently. However, given the prevalence of this disease and its tendency to covert flow, it is necessary to undergo a regular examination, including on other STDs. This is especially true for young people, who often change their partners.

Most chlamydia get into the human bodysexually. And this happens both with oral and anal contact. But there is also a household way. In addition, a sick woman during childbirth can infect a child. Usually, this affects the eyesight and respiratory system.

Chlamydia in children, symptoms:

  • purulent discharge from the eyes, the cornea is not damaged (chlamydia eye);
  • pneumonia of newborns (shortness of breath, cyanosis, seizures, absence of fever, chronic course).

In adults, ophthalmochamidiosis is manifested asexacerbations several times a year, which pass independently. If respiratory organs are affected, then frequent colds with a prolonged cough and complications occur. The disease has a chronic recurrent course.

In girls, vulvovistibulovaginitis may develop when infected with chlamydia. It is accompanied by discharge, itching in the genital tract, and frequent urination.

As a result of unprotected anal sex in the rectum, chlamydia can begin to parasitize, the signs of this are as follows:

  • anorectal pains;
  • mucous discharge.

Diagnosis of these bacteria in the human body is carried out using PCR, sowing, UIF, RNIF, ELISA, microscopy. To treat chlamydia, the symptoms of which may be absent, must be comprehensive.

In addition to antibiotics, vitamins are prescribed andrestorative drugs. During treatment, you can not have sex and drink alcohol. The effectiveness of therapy is necessarily monitored with the help of tests. Seeding, PCR and IgA should be negative, and the titer of IgG should decrease several times.

Thus, chlamydia, the symptoms of which can andabsent, must be treated. Without the necessary therapy, they can cause infertility and other diseases. Treatment should be comprehensive, with the control.

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