The main signs of pharyngitis are pain in thethroat, a feeling of dryness, perspiration and irritation, dry cough. After a few days the cough becomes wet, there are discharge - mucus or pus. Causes of the disease can be different. Most often, inflammation is provoked by exposure to cold air. The causative agents of the disease can be both viruses and fungi, and bacteria - in particular, staphylococci, pneumococci and streptococci. She can and accompany other diseases: so, in ARVI, measles and scarlet fever, usually also there is an acute pharyngitis. Symptoms, treatment and course of the disease in this case depend on the underlying disease. For accurate diagnosis, additional research may be needed - for example, a swab from the throat.
The pharynx may also become inflamed due topolluted air, which man must breathe for a long time, namely because of the presence of harmful substances or a large amount of dust (for example, in chemical or carpenter production). In this case, in addition to treatment, the patient may be recommended to change work - otherwise acute pharyngitis, most likely, will pass into a chronic form.
Acute pharyngitis, whose treatment, as a rule,simple, most often requires the use of only local antiseptics (Strepsils, Septotelet, etc.) and warm rinses - for example, calendula and chamomile broths, solutions of furacilin, chlorophyllite. Salt rinse is not advisable, as it can intensify irritation. Sprays are also useful (Ingalipt, Geksoral, Tantum Verde, etc.). In bacterial pharyngitis, oral antibiotics are prescribed.
Pharyngitis is traditionally considered not very severedisease, but do not underestimate it and try to carry it on your feet, and also continue to lead at this time the old way of life (drink cold or very hot drinks, smoke). With an untreated disease, chronic pharyngitis often develops. Symptoms, treatment and general picture of this disease depend on its form: distinguish catarrhal, granulose and subatrophic chronic pharyngitis.
Symptoms of catarrhal chronic pharyngitischaracteristic of most of its forms: puffiness, redness and sore throat, worsening of the general condition. With granulosis pharyngeal, in addition, on the back wall of the pharynx appear small formation of bright red color - the so-called granules. In this case, in addition to physiotherapy, the burning of granules is shown: otherwise defeat this pharyngitis, the symptoms, treatment and course of which have their own specifics, will be quite difficult. Granules are treated with a solution of trichloroacetic acid or cauterized with liquid nitrogen. A good effect in this case is provided by laser treatment.
Older people often developsubatrophic pharyngitis. Symptoms, treatment and course of it are quite specific: in this case it is impossible to completely restore the mucosa due to atrophic changes in it. The mucous membrane with this form of the disease is partially replaced by a connective tissue. The main complaints of patients with subatrophic pharyngitis are the drying of the throat and the sensation of perspiration in it. Patients may be recommended a course of special injections into the mucosa of the pharynx, which stimulate the formation of mucus and eliminate the unpleasant sensations. For this purpose, for example, a solution of aloe with novocaine can be used.
Only a specialist will be able to conduct a detailedexamination and appoint an adequate, depending on the causes that caused pharyngitis, treatment. Symptoms in children and adults of the chronic form of this disease are usually less pronounced and often are not paid special attention, preferring to be treated independently. However, chronic pharyngitis may accompany diseases of the gastrointestinal tract or endocrine system, so a doctor's consultation is necessary in this case.