Angina is an acute infectious-viral disease. Affects the tonsils, affecting in some cases other tissue surfaces of the pharynx: lingual and guttural. There are many varieties of pathology. You can tell what exactly you fell ill, the district doctor. He will conduct an examination of the mucous throat, determining the pharyngoscope picture of the disease. Based on the findings, the doctor will formulate an accurate diagnosis: catarrhal, lacunar, herpetic or other form of the disease. In this article, we will describe in detail each species, without forgetting to describe how the sore throat looks. Photos of pathological changes in the throat will also be attached to this publication.
This form of the disease begins suddenly, passesacute and painful. The first signs are a sore throat, the appearance of unpleasant sensations in this area. The temperature of the body increases rarely, remaining at the level of normal indices. You can easily find out what a sore throat looks like. Ask the baby to open his mouth and look closely: you will see that red and soft redness appeared on the hard and soft sky, its arches and mucous throat, a small swelling formed. In this case, there is moderate intoxication, superficial damage to the tonsils. Catarrhal angina is one of the easiest forms. It usually lasts no more than two days, after which the inflammation of the pharynx passes. But if the disease is not treated, it can go to a different kind - a purulent sore throat.
To the purulent form of the disease is attributed just threevarieties of angina: lacunar, follicular and phlegmonous. Each of them is characterized by a different degree of damage to the pharynx and throat. So, the lacunar form has the same symptoms as the catarrhal one. But only in this case the signs are more pronounced, the illness itself is more difficult and painful. The patient has a high content of leukocytes in the blood. What does purulent angina look like? The patient is swollen with a sip. In the mouths of the lacunae appear yellowish-white, filmy and friable plaque plaque. They cover the entire surface of the tonsils. The doctor can easily remove them with a medical spatula. In this case, there will be no bleeding wounds.
What does angina look like in this case? First, the patient's lymph nodes are greatly enlarged. When carrying out palpation, they are very sore. Glands, palatine arcs and areas of the soft palate swell and slightly hypertrophied. Secondly, the follicles are heavily inflated, shining through the mucous tissue. It looks like white and yellow bubbles, which, when opened, form a scurf. By the way, he does not go beyond the borders of the tonsils. In this case, the patient is experiencing fever, weakness, migraine. He complains of pain in the larynx, muscles, joints and even the heart. To diagnose this type of angina, blood and urine tests are taken. In the first one, a high level of leukocytes is found, in the second - red blood cells and traces of protein.
This type of sore throat is more likelycomplication of other forms, rather than a single disease. Children rarely suffer from it. The usual age category is 20-40 years. Often pathology is caused by streptococci that penetrate the cellular spaces. It can be a negative consequence of already transferred tonsillitis: follicular or catarrhal. Doctors for a long time know, as the purulent angina looks: in adults suffering from this form, there is nasal. It is hard for them to speak and open their mouths. Often they tilt their head towards the development of an abscess.
In patients, the temperature rises very much,blush and swell not only the tonsils, but also the space around them, as well as the palatine patches. The purulent focus has no clear boundaries. Formed plaques need to be opened. In phlegmonous tonsillitis there are a lot of complications: purulent meningitis, abscess of the neck and brain, blood infection and other pathologies dangerous for life.
Disease is also called a false-film, orpseudo-dysfunctional, angina. It starts with a strong chill and fever. The main signs are general intoxication of the body, headaches, fatigue and weakness. What does the throat look like with a fibrous throat? First of all, the tonsils located in it are covered with a white coating. It is formed from a liquid emanating from the burst follicles. It is a mixture of blood plasma and a special substance - fibrin. The film covers areas on which there are dying fabrics lacunae. Merging with them, forms a drainage that extends beyond the boundaries of the palatine arches. The main task of doctors is to distinguish between fibrotic angina and diphtheria. Although two ailments have similar symptoms, the latter is a deadly disease. Therefore, competent and, most importantly, timely therapy for diphtheria is vitally important.
Knowing what an angina looks like, a person will be able on timetake the necessary measures for treatment. Seeing in his throat small bubbles filled with a serous substance, he immediately realizes that he is dealing with herpetic sore throat. Similar sores with this form of disease affect not only the larynx, but also the front cavity of the mouth, tonsils, the sky, a small tongue. The patient has increased salivation, acute rhinitis, sore throat. He feels a general malaise, which is characterized by weakness, irritability, fatigue.
Human are all the so-called influenzasymptoms, ranging from a decrease in appetite and ending with a very high body temperature. With a more serious form, he may develop nausea, vomiting, diarrhea. The incubation period ranges from 7 to 14 days, after which the ailment begins with a sharp fever. At the same time, the indicators reach 39-40 ºС.
This kind of pathology develops in the backgroundexhaustion of the body, its weakening. The cause may be a focus of necrosis, which is present in the oral cavity. For example, it can be ordinary dental caries. A person's condition is satisfactory. He does not have a fever. If the temperature rises, it is insignificant. At the same time, a stench comes from the patient's mouth, a strong salivation is observed. Intoxication is almost not expressed.
Now you know all the nuances of the disease: what are its main symptoms, what does angina look like. In the throat with this form of disease a plaque is formed. Its surface is loose, dug, uneven. Color - yellowish-green or gray. The affected areas are very inflamed. If you remove the plaques, there will be a bleeding wound. Necrotized tissue is rejected, leaving defects - bumps, whose dimensions reach 2 centimeters. Despite the satisfactory state of the patient, this type of angina occurs in the most severe form. A person may have blurred consciousness. He suffers from nausea and vomiting.
This ailment is often sick schoolchildren youngermiddle-aged. They diagnosed angina in autumn and spring. Usually this is a lacunar and follicular form. Although babies can suffer from a monocyte variety. How does angina look in children in this case? Similar to other types of disease. That's just a distinctive feature of this form is the presence in the blood of the child of atypical mononuclears - altered monocytes. At the same time, the level of leukocytes increases to 30 thousand units.
Disease is a complication after the transferredmononucleosis. It occurs after the increase in lymph nodes, spleen. The method of transmission of the virus is airborne. In addition, children are also susceptible to viral forms of the disease. Their signs are an increase in glands, a lined tongue and bright scarlet bubbles that settle on the extreme line of the sky. Now you know what the throat looks like in case of angina in children in this case.
Usually, with angina, especially its purulent forms,antibiotics are prescribed. For example, "Erythromycin", "Ampicillin", "Penicillin", "Clindamycin" and others. Medications can be combined with drugs that help to eliminate the main symptoms of the disease. So, for elimination of a fever appoint antipyretic medicines: "Ibuprofen" or "Nurofen". From the pain in the throat, they recommend taking the plates "Chlorophyllipt", "Septotelet", "Septefril".
As the throat looks like in angina, you already know. Having discovered similar symptoms, you can use various herbal decoctions. They can gargle, thereby easing the painful sensations in it. Very effective in this direction is the herbal collection, consisting of sage, mallow and elderberry blossoms. The ingredients are mixed in equal amounts. Then take exactly one tablespoon of mass and fill it with a glass of boiling water. The broth is infused for about 40 minutes, after which it is filtered and rinsed with a throat 4 times a day. Very effective and flowers marigold - marigold. Decoction of them are prepared in a similar way. Just rinse your throat with water every hour.
First, the patient needs a strict bed restmode. His room must be regularly ventilated. Secondly, he should provide the right menu. The diet should include gentle products. That is, dishes that do not hurt the mucous throat. It can be a variety of purees, scraped soups, liquid porridge. Serve the patient, rich in vitamins and proteins. Eliminate the need for spices, spices, caffeine. Thirdly, a person needs a lot of drinking. That's just a sweet soda should be discarded. It should be replaced with berry fruit, fruit jelly, green tea, compotes. You can drink and ordinary mineral water - non-carbonated and warm.
In addition, the doctor often prescribes to the patientcompresses. They are applied to the neck and are aged for several hours, sometimes all night. Observing all the above measures, the patient will very soon be on the mend. And in order not to develop an angina in the future, it is recommended that a person lead a healthy, active lifestyle, eat right, spend a lot of time in the fresh air and be tempered.