When they say: swollen golo, usually mean swelling of the larynx. We will talk about what this swelling is about, the reasons for its occurrence and methods of treatment today in our article.
So, it is important to understand that the throat is swollen due to a disease that can be both inflammatory and non-inflammatory.
Inflammatory swelling is usuallymanifestation of the disease of the pharynx and other organs that may result from acute and chronic infections. For example, swelling of the throat is observed during influenza, measles, and syphilis or even tuberculosis. They also say that the throat is swollen, due to an allergic reaction, laryngeal burns, injuries and so on.
Non-inflammatory swelling occurs in particular forms of heart failure, as well as in diseases of organs such as the kidneys and liver.
Swollen throat: signs
Signs of laryngeal edema are directly related tothe degree of narrowing of its lumen and the speed of its spread. In the process of inflammatory edema of the epiglottis, the patient experiences pain during swallowing, as well as a foreign body sensation in the throat, breathing may be difficult, a change in voice is observed.
When spreading edema to the mucousscaly cartilages, vocal folds, the symptoms listed above are exacerbated. In such cases, an urgent need to consult a doctor, as with the continuation of the growth of edema, possibly suffocation and death.
Swollen throat: treatment and diagnosis
You can usually diagnose throat swelling.it is quite simple in appearance of the mucous membrane, which can cover a possible tumor in the larynx or even a foreign body trapped in the hypopharynx. For diagnostics, indirect laryngoscopy or radiography of the larynx is performed.
How to treat throat swelling? The symptoms listed above are a sign that it is necessary, at a minimum, to seek help from a specialist to restore breathing and prevent asphyxiation. In some cases, do not avoid hospitalization. At the beginning of the inflammatory process, you can try to absorb the pieces of ice. Also at the same time does not hurt to make warming compresses. Alternatively, you can also consider a poultice on the neck and treatment with leeches. In extreme cases, make a notch on the mucous larynx or conduct a tracheotomy in case of a threat of suffocation. Very effective oxygen treatment.
A child's throat is swollen: what does it mean what to do?
Laryngeal edema in children is characterized by obstruction.upper respiratory tract with subsequent narrowing of the lumen of the larynx, which is manifested by respiratory distress and the development of heart failure. This condition requires urgent hospitalization with subsequent diagnosis and treatment.
Most often, preschoolers suffer from laryngeal edema, since it is in young children that the lumen of the respiratory tract is marked with a tendency of the mucous membrane to develop edema.
Causes of swelling in children
Laryngeal edema in a child can occur due to an infectious and non-infectious nature.
The first category includes viral infections, bacterial infections. The second category - aspiration of foreign bodies, as well as injuries of the larynx and edema of an allergic nature.
Laryngeal edema in children - treatment
As a rule, laryngeal edema manifests unexpectedly.in the middle of the night. During edema, the child begins breathing hoarsely, choking with bouts of "barking" cough. Oxygen in the blood begins to flow in smaller quantities, so they can turn blue limbs, turn pale lips and pulse.
Such laryngeal edema is also called false croup. False croup develops in several stages.
In the first stage, a child may have a hoarse voiceappear barking cough. In the second stage, a large stenosis of the larynx can be observed, the child begins to feel a lack of air, the baby’s skin in the nasolabial triangle becomes a bluish tint.
At the third stage, the child is excited, scared, and then falls into a state of lethargy and indifference. The skin on the face of the child is covered with sweat and becomes pale.
In the event of symptoms of false croup, parents must call a doctor, be it day or night.
Pending a doctor, parents can give the firsthelp the child alone. For a start, it will be necessary to increase the flow of oxygen into the room, open the window or window. The next step is to take the child to the bathroom, where he can breathe warm and humid air, which is formed in the room, if you turn on the hot tap.
You can drink a child warm tea with mint, milk with a small amount of soda (at the tip of the knife). You should not limit your child in the use of fluids, not forgetting that drinking should be warm.
In addition, waiting for a doctor, you can put mustard plaster on your baby’s chest for 10 minutes or hover legs and handles for five to seven minutes.