The drug "Glucophage" refers to the group of oral hypoglycemic drugs. Its active ingredient is metformin hydrochloride.
In what forms the drug is produced"Glucophage"? The instruction states that the drug is a biconvex white tablets. On the break, they should look like a homogeneous white mass.
Different packaging is possible: tablets of 500, 800 mg, which are sold in blisters of 10, 15, 20 pieces.
Tablets "Glyukofazh 1000" enclosed in a film sheath of pure opadry.
Auxiliary substances in all types of tablets are magnesium stearate and povidone. The drug "Glyukofazh 1000" in the composition of the film shell may contain hypromellosis and macrogol.
Who is usually prescribed Glucophage medication? The instruction states that the drug is administered to non-insulin-dependent patients with type 2 diabetes (sugar), especially with severe obesity.
The dosage of this drug is prescribedindividually, most often start with 0.5 g per day. Then you can increase the dose, but the maximum daily dose of the drug "Glucophage" (instructions indicate this) should not be more than 3 grams per day. Usually it is divided into several techniques.
This drug speeds up the absorptionglucose by muscles, increases the susceptibility of peripheral receptors to a substance such as insulin. The drug has a good effect on lipid metabolism, retards the absorption of carbohydrates in the intestines, reduces cholesterol, but does not stimulate insulin production.
Medicine "Glyukofazh" (instruction warns)may have side effects. This nausea, the taste of metal in the mouth, sometimes vomiting, diarrhea. At the beginning of treatment, a complete lack of appetite, abdominal pain may occur. Most often, these last symptoms quickly pass and do not require discontinuation of the drug "Glucophage." The instruction also indicates the possible appearance of a rash, itching.
Usually the drug is prescribed in the case whenthe expected benefits of it outweigh the unpleasant side effects. In order to relieve or reduce nausea and pain, antacids or antispasmodics may be further prescribed to the patient.
Glyukofazh has a lot of contraindications, because you can not take it without the knowledge of the doctor.
The drug can not be prescribed to people sufferingdiabetic ketoacidosis, in a coma or with serious liver or kidney disease. In case of diseases of the lungs or bronchi, renal or other infections, fever, dehydration and hypoxia, Glucophage medicine cannot be drunk either.
It is contraindicated in lactic acidosis, alcoholism, pregnancy.
When planning a pregnancy, the patient must warn the doctor about this, because he is obliged to cancel taking the drug a few weeks before the onset of pregnancy.
Long-term use of this medication can lead to hypervitaminosis, which adversely affects the general condition of the patient.
People often ask whether it is possible to use the Glucophage drug to those who are not sick with diabetes, but want to lose weight.
The answer is categorical: "You can not!". Glucophage does not have a hypoglycemic effect on healthy people.
However, side effects from the drug maymanifest and have them. In addition, taking medicine by healthy people can completely upset the body's work: cause diarrhea, dyspepsia, disrupt metabolism.
Produce medicine in France. There are other drugs of similar action. These are bagomet (Argentina), korglikon (Ukraine), gliformin (Russia), siofor (Hernia), metformin Richter (Russia), and some others. Their action is the same as the active substance.
But the excipients may be different. Therefore, replacing one drug with another, it is necessary to consult with your doctor.
In addition, like any medicine, this tool can be taken only after examination and on the recommendation of a doctor.