Pregnancy at any time needs carefulwoman’s relationship to her condition. After all, it is now that the future life is arising and developing in it. However, special attention is necessary for the future mother at the very beginning of carrying the baby, since this new state of the body is still very sensitive to external factors. Often there is a detachment of the ovum in early pregnancy. At the same time, there is a risk both for the health of the woman and for the baby.
The egg egg is called the egg cell, which wasfertilized by sperm. It is attached to the walls of the uterus. In other words, the so-called environment in which the future child is in the initial stages of development. This is the very first structure that can be seen on an ultrasound and confirm pregnancy. The egg has an oval or round shape and its size increases over time. At about 5 weeks inside the yolk sac can be observed. Its presence indicates that the pregnancy proceeds normally and the embryo has nutrients. A fetal egg makes it possible to determine the duration of pregnancy (according to its diameter), as well as possible irregularities (according to the shape of the ovum, the specialist can detect the tone of the uterus).
What is the detachment of the ovum in early pregnancy? A photo
One of the stages of spontaneous abortion isretrochorial hematoma. At the same time, the fertilized egg, which was formed, begins to reject the chorion. The vessels are damaged, a hematoma is formed due to the accumulation of blood. It may further increase. This situation leads to the fact that the detachment of the ovum in the early stages of pregnancy will occur until its complete rejection. Timely treatment will help preserve the pregnancy.
Why is this condition dangerous? The degree of detachment
Hematomas cause the most serious consequences.which occupy about 40% of the ovum. Embryo growth is impaired. The main danger of detachment lies in the fact that with the late treatment of the child can be lost. There is a very large threat of interrupting the carrying of a baby. The detachment of the ovum in the early stages of pregnancy can be quite deplorable, but the problem found in time allows the child to develop further. Depending on what stage the retrochorial hematoma is at, the following types are distinguished:
- threatened miscarriage (in which the detachment is only scheduled);
- miscarriage has begun (lingering pains in the abdomen occur, bloody discharge can be observed);
- abortion in progress (bleeding and pain increase, detachment increases); it is often impossible to save such a pregnancy;
- incomplete abortion (part of the ovum is born);
- cervical pregnancy (egg develops in the cervix); the main method of treatment is surgery;
- septic abortion (most severe abortion);
- late abortion (from week 13).
There is also a failed abortion. At the same time, the ovum ceases to develop, but does not reject.
Often determine the specific reason for suchstates impossible. Experts call only a number of factors that can lead to the rejection of the fetus. Among them, hormonal disorders, pathologies of the pelvic organs (mainly the uterus) are distinguished. Violate the natural course of pregnancy can stress, a strong nervous tension. Large physical exertion can also lead to such a state in which the detachment of the ovum in early pregnancy is quite real. Some doctors distinguish rhesus-mom and baby among the causes. It is important that alcohol abuse, previously performed abortions are also risk factors. Viral diseases, infections can also contribute to the beginning of such a process as the detachment of the ovum in early pregnancy. The reasons are all unfavorable factors for carrying a child, both domestic and medical.
Symptoms of the onset of spontaneous abortion
To be able to keep a pregnancy,it is very important to know the first symptoms of retrochorial hematoma and recognize them in time. Unpleasant pain in the lower abdomen should alert and make them pay attention to themselves. If any discharge is detected (in this case, they will be of a bright, coffee color), you should seek medical help as soon as possible. Often there is bleeding, blood pressure drops. In the hospital, further diagnosis is carried out using ultrasound. The doctor monitors whether the hematoma increases and whether the detachment of the ovum continues in early pregnancy. Symptoms associated with any deviations from the normal state should lead to seek expert advice.
Methods of treatment
The main task of treating retrochorial hematomais stopping its growth. Of course, this happens in the hospital. Woman shows absolute peace. Walking is also not recommended, as it can increase the tone of the uterus. Often, doctors are advised to put a pillow or blanket under the pelvis to ensure blood flow. If the diagnosis is “detachment of the ovum in the early stages of pregnancy,” treatment involves adherence to a special diet. Since the load on the intestines is not desirable, it excludes products that lead to constipation (or diarrhea), increase gas formation. Emotional balance is equally important. Medications are used in the treatment, among which are those that stop bleeding, antispasmodics, sedatives, vitamins. Hormone therapy is often performed. The type of treatment is chosen by the doctor individually. Duration is at least two weeks. The more strictly the recommendations are followed, the sooner the result will be visible. After such treatment, the woman should be under constant surveillance. Do not avoid scheduled visits to female consultation.
Prevention of detachment
In order to avoid such a state asdetachment of the ovum in early pregnancy, it is important to carefully plan conception. Before such a crucial step, it is worth visiting a number of doctors and curing possible infectious diseases. A gynecologist may prescribe some additional research. If there are inflammatory processes, then in no case should not self-medicate. It is important to responsibly treat your health in the first weeks of pregnancy, avoid taking alcohol, drugs, and heavy physical exertion. Stress is one of the main enemies of the future child. Strong emotional outbursts are not very desirable in this state, unless they are caused by positive moments.