Hypersalivation is ... What is this pathology?

Unfortunately, hypersalivation is prettyA common problem faced by both adult patients and children. Such a violation brings a lot of inconvenience to a person’s life. And today, many are interested in questions about what causes increased salivation and what treatment methods modern medicine can offer.

What is hypersalivation?

hypersalivation is

Hypersalivation is a disorder thataccompanied by an increase in the amount of saliva. A similar phenomenon may be associated with both an increase in the secretion of the salivary glands and a violation of the normal act of swallowing.

It is worth noting that hypersalivation in childrenIt is considered normal up to 3-6 months, when the baby is not yet able to consciously control the process of swallowing. In addition, an increase in the amount of saliva in children may be associated with the process of teething. If salivation persists after the completion of the initial stages of development, this indicates the presence of certain disorders. In adulthood, this pathology also indicates a disruption in the normal functioning of the body.

Hypersalivation: causes of the disease

In fact, increased secretion and saliva secretion may develop under the influence of various factors. So when does hypersalivation occur? The reasons in this case may be different:

  • For example, quite often, increased saliva is observed in stomatitis, odontogenic inflammation, as well as in the presence of wounds in the tongue and in the hypoglossal region.
  • Some diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, including stomach ulcers, can also lead to hypersalivation.
  • Increased salivation is a symptom of heavy metal poisoning.
  • The reasons also include epidemic encephalitis.
  • Hypersalivation in children develops on the background of cerebral palsy.
  • The appearance of such a violation lead brain tumors.
  • Some medications cause increased secretion of saliva.
  • The list of reasons include Parkinson's disease.
  • Hypersalivation in adults and children can develop on the background of worm infestations.

Psychogenic form of the disease

hypersalivation of the cause

Not in all cases in the diagnostic process.physicians can detect the physical cause of the impaired salivary glands. Psychogenic hypersalivation is an extremely rare form of the disease, in which increased salivation is associated with various mental disorders.

It is worth noting that this form of the diseaserelatively difficult to treat - it requires constant training with a psychologist and a neurologist. But even during therapy, patients find it difficult to find a mental balance, as constant salivation negatively affects the emotional state and self-esteem, which only worsens the situation.

Hypersalivation during pregnancy and its causes

In fact, increased saliva secretion duringchildbearing is considered to be quite common. Not in every case, doctors manage to determine the causes of the development of this disorder, but some risk factors are still identified.

hypersalivation in adults

Many doctors believe that hypersalivation isthe result of a fundamental hormonal adjustment of the body. In addition, during pregnancy, the woman's body becomes more sensitive to the effects of chemicals - increased drooling appears on the background of medication, which up to this time did not cause side effects.

Do not forget that women in thisperiod of life often suffer from heartburn, which enhances the processes of secretion of saliva. In addition, persistent nausea prevents patients from normally swallowing saliva, which leads to its accumulation in the oral cavity.

Of course, such a violation should definitely inform the doctor. But in most cases, this phenomenon takes place after childbirth.

Hypersalivation: treatment

hypersalivation treatment

Of course, increased salivapatient's life a lot of difficulties. And in this case, the assistance of a specialist is simply necessary. First of all, the patient must undergo a full examination, since it is extremely important to determine the cause of the appearance of this syndrome.

For example, in the presence of infectious diseasesoral cavity you need to spend antibacterial (antiviral, antifungal) treatment. If the cause is a disease of the stomach, the treatment is carried out by a gastroenterologist.

In order to reduce the amount of allocatedsaliva, drugs made on the basis of atropine are used. But they are used extremely carefully. In the most severe cases, surgery is indicated.

Features of the treatment of hypersalivation in children

According to statistical studies, most oftenThis disease is diagnosed in children. Naturally, the treatment process in young patients includes the diagnosis and elimination of the primary disease (if any). However, therapy has some peculiarities.

hypersalivation in children

For example, parents should teach the childSwallowing saliva - this is achieved by constant reminders. Baby should feel the difference between dry and wet chin. A regular speech therapy massage will also have a positive effect on the child’s condition, which is also often included in the course of treatment. Massage sessions help strengthen the muscles of the oral cavity, give the baby the ability to control the process of swallowing, and also give effect if the child has problems with pronunciation.

In addition, doctors recommend patients (asadults as well as small ones) regularly do various facial and articulation exercises. As for the methods of folk treatment, it will be useful to regularly rinse the mouth cavity with a decoction of chamomile or oak bark.

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