The culture of any society is multifaceted and consists ofset of layers. One of the most unusual and ambiguous is army traditions, which we encounter almost every day to a greater or lesser degree. Let's try to consider a small part of them through a story about such a manifestation of it as military names and mottos.
Military motto is a short saying bearinga certain semantic load. They have mottoes as a kind of troops, as well as individual military units that have a long military history. As examples, we can cite the famous "Nobody but us!" Near the Airborne Forces or "Where we are, there's a victory!" - Marine Corps of the Russian Federation.
For any soldier or officer, the motto of the part isin itself a certain sacred meaning. This is more than just a beautiful saying. This is a battle cry, with which they engage in battle, perish, win. The military motto becomes a part of the heart of a fighter, not to shame which is a matter of honor.
The first of the military slogans in the modern sensewe can consider the famous Ave, Caesar, morituri te salutant! ("They that go unto death greet thee, Caesar!"). By right of strength, the Imperial legions took this saying from the gladiators coming out into the arena, greeting their commander before the battle.
German-speaking principalities, and then Hitler,for centuries, they carried out an expansion into the lands of Russian states under the general slogan Drang nach Osten (The Onslaught to the East), which can safely be considered the motto of an aggressive policy. The expression "The burden of the white man" has always been considered an unofficial justification for the colonial atrocities of the British Empire.
The whole subsequent history is full of similarexamples. Here are a few related to Russia: "For Faith, Tsar and Fatherland" - the motto of the Russian Imperial Army, or "For our Soviet Motherland!" - the Red Army in times of war with Hitler's Germany.
Military motto as one of the elementsThe distinctive symbols of species and arms are widely used throughout the world. For example, Finnish pilots carry the inscription "Quality is our strength" on the wings; The arms of their colleagues from Australia adorn the proud "Through thorns to the stars"; the army of France depicts on chevrons - "Honor and Fatherland"; the Germans are laconic and strict - "We serve Germany."
With the greatest pathos to this issue is appropriatethe US Army. Here, not only the state structure itself has its own motto ("The Army of One", which replaced "Become All Than You Can" in 2001), but most of the pieces sport such "nominal" pearls. For example, the 101st Airborne Division acts under the slogan "Rendezvous with Destiny", and the 2nd Infantry says "We will not yield to anyone!" By the way, both units participated in campaigns where American weapons, to put it mildly, did not gain a fame - Korea, Vietnam, Libya, Iraq, Afghanistan. However, the impudence and self-confidence of the Yankees from this did not diminish.
In the army of the USSR, and then Russia, a similar traditionwas not too common. However, recently there has been a definite trend, and, according to the order of the Minister of Defense Sergey Kuzhugetovich Shoigu, the loggers officially received the military motto "No one is better than us!".
No wonder there is a separate section of humor,called "army". Witty people in epaulets long ago and in large numbers "give birth" to a variety of unofficial military speeches and mottos, many of which are firmly "glued" to certain types and types of troops. It's worth listening to them, and it immediately becomes clear who is talking about: "I do not fly and I will not give another one" - the Air Defense Forces (Air Defense), "For communication without marriage" - signalers, "We change landscapes" or "After we are only silent "- the guys of the Strategic Missile Forces (RVSN). The slogan "That you are not yet in prison is not your merit, but our fault" - no comment is required.
Boys can not without games, and even when they aregrow up, they sometimes want to play "war." The way out was found! The grown-up boys invented a large number of different games and events on military topics - airsoft, laser tag, paintball and many others. As a rule, this is a team entertainment. Each of the teams tries to stand out from the mass of others, and therefore the military names and mottoes of the teams sometimes amaze with their originality. But there may be full copies of existing parts in the real world. For example, the name and motto of one of the special units of the Russian Federation (the slogan of the detachment "Vympel" is the phrase "Terrorism is a disease. Meet a doctor!") Often appears in various airsoft events.
The amateurs deserve special mentionhistorical reconstructions. Fans of this type of entertainment with particular care restore the form, ammunition and weapons of various parts that participated in a particular battle. At the same time, everything, even the smallest, is copied. That is why on chevrons, emblems and standards you can see the military motto of the unit that the participant represents. Especially it is noticeable on the form of the Imperial Guard of Napoleon and the SS units.
Military mottoes and command names are not usedonly in "adult" entertainment. Many remember the old pioneer game Zarnitsa, which has now been transformed into a variety of team games as part of the military-patriotic upbringing program for the younger generation.
These camps are not simply called"Militarized". Here everything is like in the army: from the routine of the day and life in the field to the strict requirement of discipline. One of the first tasks for newcomers, as a rule, is to come up with the name of a team, a company, a platoon, etc., as well as a motto on a military topic. There is a serious educational effect hidden here: the motto will become for the detachment the guiding star, the light of which will illuminate the way of the division throughout its existence.
However, in the usual, "civil", children's campsrecreation is the division of the wards into separate detachments. And quite often the detachment can choose for itself the motto on the military theme. This does not mean aggression to vacationers. Rather - about the excess of energy and certain ambitions. And just as military slogans and command names are applied and developed, it depends entirely on the surrounding adults.
If you look from the point of view of psychology, the military slogans for the teams are in two main qualities.
Military motto is an inalienable attribute of anystructure, one way or another taking paramilitary features. It is impossible to think of it "outright," to order, it is born from sweat, blood and flame. And only those who perceive it as a whole, who understand its essence, can proudly bear the banner of their ancestors. Relating to the motto, as to a beautiful set of words, can easily refuse at a difficult moment, because for such an individual these words are worthless and do not have any incentive. With the slogan "For the Motherland! For Stalin! "Tens of thousands of our great-grandfathers went on the attack and went to the enemy machine guns, perishing and losing their comrades. But with this slogan they won, because they carried it in their heart.