What attracts patchwork? The opportunity is very economical, without extra financial costs, to create unsurpassed hand-made masterpieces. In the course will go leftovers or old things. Products made in the technique of patchwork sewing can play both a purely domestic role, and decorative. From pillows to blankets, from decorating children's clothes to wall-mounted voluminous panels.
Patchwork for beginners - selection and preparation of material.
The most commonly used is cottontextile. From calico, calico, satin, various applications for clothes or panels are made, as well as independent products - curtains, aprons, napkins, tablecloths, etc. Lace, printed scarves, silk fabrics are used for decoration of products.
Woolen fabrics also find their place inpatchwork sewing. They are made of good covers and blankets, cloaks for upholstered furniture. Knitwear is rarely used, since its extensibility can greatly affect the shape of the product.
Before work, the flaps should be stretched, starched, ironed in a wet condition.
Patchwork for beginners - the necessary tools.
For work you will need: sharp scissors, simple pencil, cardboard for templates, ruler, compasses, chalk or special pencil for cutting, pins.
Patchwork for beginners - Cutting.
In the technique of patchwork sewing precision cutting -one of the main points. A small mistake will lead to a violation of the pattern and the product will have an unattractive appearance. Therefore, it is so important to follow all the tips for preparing for sewing.
Template - the smallest unit of ornament orpattern. Basically, in patchwork embroidery, geometric figures are used, which are collected in a certain sequence. Patterns are cut out of cardboard, in their size are already laid allowances for seams from 0.5 cm to 1 cm or more (depends on the dusting of the fabric). If the product contains a repeating pattern, then using the template you need to estimate its size in the finished form.
When cutting it is important to lay out the patterns incorrect attitude to the share. With quadrangular parts, align the direction of the share thread to one side. If your pattern is triangular or hexagonal, then place the share thread perpendicular to the base.
Technology of patchwork sewing - methods of connecting parts.
The first way is to sew parts withcardboard inserts. To do this, you need to prepare from a ton of cardboard the required number of inserts, which are a pattern for cutting without allowances for seams. The cardboard insert is covered with a scrap. This is done with the help of a marking seam - they are tightened seam allowances on the seams around the perimeter of the insert, fixing the corners with additional stitches. Preparing in this way scraps, they are collected in the motif of the ornament or even in the whole canvas. The blanks are folded inward with the faces, sewed with a connecting seam, without grasping the cardboard. After assembling the product or the fragment, additional stitches are opened and the cardboard inserts are pulled out.
The second way - flaps splinter pins onseam lines, and then needle-stitched the needle forward with small, frequent stitches. Pins are pulled out, allowances for seams are pressed on one side.
The third way is to grind the flaps on the sewing machinemachine. In order not to break the thread after sewing each pair of flaps, the parts are pruned in pairs in pairs in pairs and put under the foot of the sewing machine one by one.
Attention! Ironing seams - an obligatory technological method, providing the appearance of the product.
The lessons of patchwork are color schemes.
Scraps, skillfully collected in a single colorpalette, can become a real work of art. However, it is rather difficult for beginner needlewomen to first determine the color sound of each shred. Therefore, it is better to use the color wheel to select shreds to each other.
Ancient secret: if you made a mistake and the color of the flap "screams" in the composition, you can extinguish it with a black thread. It is enough to detach the motif on the edge or to make a zigzag stitch along the shred.
Quilting for beginners is fascinating. Psychologists have noticed the beneficial effects of this type of needlework on the human psyche after the stress.